Learning Outcomes Assessment – A Step By Step

Doug Miller

A post by Guest Blogger, Doug Miller, faculty member and New Media Manager at DePaul University.

Douglas Lee Miller – Chicago, IL | about.me

On Twitter: @douglasLmiller

Learning Outcomes Assessment: Step by StepPresenters: Gail Rooney and Julia Panke Makela, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Nothing says real world application like a “step by step” and this one was both useful and inspiring. What follows are brief notes on a much more complete presentation about the deployment of these learning outcomes assessments in a particular context. The hope is that these notes and their brief outline of the constituent parts my inspire you to learn more.

From the presentation:

First, as a framework, it is important to define assessment as a process that is continuous. It tells a story and shares the dual function of providing continuous service and celebrating achievement.

What can we assess? We can assess needs, participation, satisfaction, and learning. There are many different desired outcomes, but learning is at the heart of what we are about in career services.

To be a part of the core function, career services needs to think of themselves as learning partners. -Rooney

Learning outcomes focus on client experiences.

We measure what clients can know, do, demonstrate or feel. How have they changed?

Rooney describes the ALOI cycle

Rooney describes the ALOI cycle

Focus in career services is too often on process and not on the change we want to see happen in our client experience. The purpose of the learning outcomes assessment is to be able to measure the changes we see in the client experience and behavior as a result of interactions with particular learning elements.

The steps below shed light on the path to deploying some learning outcomes assessments and on some of the more important questions an institution my ask while deploying them. They also illustrate the cyclical nature of the process while illustrating the need to assess and revise.

Step 1 – Defining Context

Guiding Questions: Who is the audience? What are the circumstances?

Step 2 – Brainstorming Outcomes

Guiding Questions: What do you want your audience to be able to do, demonstrate, value, or feel?

Step 3a – Writing Outcome Statements

Formula = “Intended learners who take will be able to .”

Step 3b – Writing Outcomes Statements

Useful construct = Blooms Taxonomy

Step 4 – Connect Theory to Practice

Helpful Suggestion: Look for a rubric from the field and place it in your context.

Step 5 – Prioritize Learning Outcomes

Guiding Question: If you had to pick only 3 which would be most helpful? Most important to stakeholders?

Step 6 – Evaluate the Outcomes

Helpful Suggestion: The purpose is to make a judgement. Too often we just use surveys – examine some other tools that may add dimension to the common survey. Look for demonstrable behavior changes.

Step 7 – Reflect on Results and Process

Guiding Questions: What happened that you expected? What took you by surprise?

Step 8 – Use the Assessments

Guiding Questions: What are you going to keep, modify, discontinue, explore?.

Bloggers note: The above steps were presented in a specific context – resume – that made it fairly easy to translate client behavior changes into learning outcomes. This author can imagine more than a few contexts whereby charting the behavior changes would be difficult if not problematic, especially in the areas of so called “soft skill” development. Despite this, there were some healthy and creative suggestions offered up by attendees that included everything from video taping to web analytics.

Finally, the most important advice from Rooney in the session is to start soon, start small, and to start with what you know you do well and build out from there. Making learning outcome assessments work is not easy and requires constant fine tuning – but the end results are by their very nature measurable.

A last reminder of Rooney's mantra as you set to the task of creating your own learning outcomes assessment tools: what did we help our clients to do, demonstrate, value, or feel that was different than from before we interacted with them?

In this case Rooney prompted at least this author's learning to demonstrate the outcomes assessment as a process – specifically to go home and revise my next syllabus before next quarter begins.

For more information see the story below:

The National Career Development Association | Learning Outcomes Assessment Step-By-Step: The Story Behind NCDA’s New Monograph


Fixated on “First Destinations”

kevin grubbA post by NACE Guest Blogger, Kevin Grubb.
Assistant Director at Villanova University’s Career Center.
Twitter: @kevincgrubb
LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/kevingrubb
Blog: “social @ edu”.

 That’s my official meditation for today at the NACE conference.  This morning, I attended a session hosted by the NACE First Destination Task Force where we discussed what’s been happening at the association and beyond with our increasingly critical surveys about where our graduates go after they leave our institutions.  With national attention being paid to these data and the numbers in the spotlight more often than ever, there’s no doubt this is a hot topic for career services attendees at the conference.  Here’s a breakdown of the session and some commentary by one of your faithful bloggers.

NACE has already released a position statement about these First Destinations surveys in July 2012, and we kicked off the session with a review of the principles laid out in this statement.  The short version of that is:

  • Post graduate success is the mission of entire institution, not just career services
  • All graduates of institutions should be tracked in these surveys
  • Career services should have central role in collecting this information
  • Outcomes should be inclusive, not just about immediate employment
  • Human subject & institutional research protocols should be observed when collecting information
  • Data may come from various reliable sources
  • Data collection should be on-going, with the final collection efforts completed by 6-9 months from graduation
  • Data should be reported in aggregate and should protect individual confidentiality
  • Outcome data should consider: response rates, academic program breakdown of data, job titles, employers, salary data, further academic study (what program and what institution)

The NACE Task Force is working on a version of a standardized first destination survey which can be used by all institutions.  The Task Force’s plan is to have all institutions be using this survey for the graduating class of 2014.  So, with that in mind, the Task Force needed to do quite a bit more beyond what has been set forth in the position statement.  Namely:

  • There would need to be a core set of questions to be asked universally and consistently
  • There would need to be establish definitions for standard measures (i.e. defining what “full-time employment” really means)
  • There would need to be an agreed upon appropriate time frame for data collection
  • There would need to be suggested response rate requirements to ensure that the data reported is statistically valid and reliable

This is all no small order.  What about entrepreneurs?  What about graduates in the summer, the fall, or schools on different academic calendars?  How can we standardize all of this?  Questions about the intricacies of this are abundant, and rightfully so.

The Task Force was ready to share a bit about where they are in the process, so here’s what was learned.

New Language for First Destination Surveys

  • Perhaps we can lay the “p” word to rest?  The suggestion is to call it “career outcomes” rather than “placement.”
  • Recognizing that information about post graduate career outcomes comes from various sources (not just our surveys), the suggestion is to consider “knowledge rates” rather than “response rates.”  For instance, say a faculty member or employer lets a career services office know a student was hired and reports job title & employer information.  That’s knowledge, not a “response.”
  • When the data collection period ends, we can “close the books.”  Ongoing data collection can and should happen after graduation, and the profession should consider counting early, mid and later in academic year graduates (not just traditional “Spring” grads).  However, knowing that spring graduation is the largest for a majority of institutions, we can consider closing the books six months after that date, which is approximately December 1.  NACE would consider reaching out for information by the end of December, and then could share aggregate data in January to legislators, those involved in public policy, and those in trends reporting.

Suggestions for type and amount of information to collect

  • The Task Force suggested a knowledge rate range between 65% and 85%.  This is to serve as an initial guidepost for us, and should help us find a workable range that is achievable, valid, and reliable.  Over time as we develop this, the suggested knowledge rate range may increase
  • The outcome measures to be provided include information such as (this is not the whole picture here): percentage of graduates employed full-time, those pursuing further study, those still seeking employment, and those not seeking employment.  While information should be collected for graduate and undergraduate students, there should also be separate information for the undergraduate and graduate levels as well
  • For the employment category, examples of information to collect include: job title, employer, salary (both base salary & guaranteed first year compensation, which includes signing bonuses)
  • For the further study category, the name of the academic program and institution name should be collected
  • If a student is working and pursuing further study, it is suggested that the data be categorized by the graduate’s primary pursuit.

A few more dimensions the Task Force is considering:

  • A way to measure a graduate’s satisfaction with their outcome?  Meaning: is this where they wanted to be?
  • For those who are reported as being employed full-time, is the employment related to their degree?
  • For now, the further study category is intended for those who are pursuing a graduate degree.  What about other types of study?  Certification programs?  Those who want to earn another undergraduate degree?

Suffice it to say, there are still many questions about this process yet to be answered.  But, I think I can safely say there is agreement that this is important work which needs doing.  It’s a challenge, no doubt.  Life doesn’t fit into defined categories easily, and so it follows that neither does one’s career plans.  At a time when many want to know, “is college worth it?,” these first destination data points can be key indicators of a piece of the puzzle that is an answer to that question.

LEGO & The Career Architecture Framework

Doug Miller

A post by Guest Blogger, Doug Miller, faculty member and New Media

Douglas Lee Miller – Chicago, IL | about.me On Twitter:@douglasLmiller



Presenters: Anne Scholl-Fiedler and Jim Salvucci, Stevenson University

What is the career architecture model?

It mentors students through a process of learning

1)who they are at their best (personal direction)

2)what they are learning (discipline expertise) and

3)how they will apply their skills (professional know-how.)

Tag line: “dream about your future-design your career.”

The first year seminar is housed in academic units and led by faculty but is heavily facilitated by career services. It culminates in a massive competition amongst teams of freshman students who undertake a project to represent – in LEGO bricks – what career architecture means to them on their own terms.

Functionally, the program begins with the students being given Holland assessments of interest and skills. This guides the faculty in creating teams whose individuals will perform functions related to the idea generation, design, and ultimately the build process of their LEGO creations. Working in three dimensions with elements familiar from childhood, the students soon find themselves involved in a meta-discussion about Career Architecture as a framework.

783 students participated in one year's Lego challenge. The whole process is engineered to reflect the form and structure of the Career Architecture Framework itself, full of learning objectives. The LEGO project itself is judged based on the successfulness of its representation; how well does the plastic physical model represent the three more ephemeral ideological elements of the career architecture framework? That's what they are judged on. Each major's representation is highly unique and specific to their field despite starting from the same point. There is a high degree of symbolism to the lego models much like with something like parade floats.

After the event, a full array of assessments are deployed in person and personalized career architecture plans are developed.

Salvucci's working theory is about the transactional nature of or common interactions with students in higher education as juxtaposed against a more transformational learning model. Both aspects are at play in the interactions and both are necessary but there may be value according to Salvucci in focusing on the transformational nature of a student's exposure to higher education characterizing the transactional as “the descent” vs. “the ascent” – purchase of the transcript vs the birth of an enlightened being.

How, you might ask, is this done from a curriculum development and approval point of view? Salvucci as the Dean works very closely in tandem with Scholl-Fiedler in Career Services.

Most English programs are content driven; fthe challenge is to create measurably attainable graduated skills – like problem solving – but they also tie them to career. They work collaboratively within the divisions to tailor the capstones toward career.

English, psychology, theatre and film-video are all modeled here. All require internships. Many have career track courses.

Psychology has three 1 credit courses on career development.

“Quad stories” was deployed to gather career stories to keep people from thinking careers are linear. Their objective with this tool? “Creating a culture of personal narrative.” Using personal narrative to determine skills and interests.

They have Industry liaisons in their office to help meet those goals

In the end, they see themselves as brokers of knowledge not just spinners of information.

Bloggers thoughts: As an avid fan of LEGO, learning outcomes, ideological frameworks, and personal narrative, I took a host of ideas and inspiration from this fascinating session. The only caveat offered about working so closely with faculty for this amazing strategic construct and series of events echoes common refrains I hear in my own position. “It's great that you have someone at your institution like you – but what if that key component is missing at our school?” Anne Scholl-Fiedler and Jim Salvucci both represent Stevenson University well and it is clear this kind of innovation and freedom could not exist were either of them the type to not be open to collaboration. Salvucci sees the need for collaboration as obvious. My caveat to other schools? Some results may vary.


Early Talent Management

Helen HongA post by Guest Blogger, Helen Hong

College Relations Manager, WellPoint Inc.

Twitter: @wlpcollege

LinkedIn:www.linkedin.com/in/helenhongWorkforce plan much? It should only be natural for us think about how we’ll be replacing our current interns and new hires with the next generation of talent but many times it’s an afterthought that only occurs when we’re presented with an urgent need. We typically put a lot of attention and focus on workforce planning for middle and senior management in our organizations (and hey, they’ve been doing this for years in the sports world!) But it’s almost more imperative for us to be thinking about this in the college recruiting space because of the limited time that they occupy their positions. Nowadays, it’s not uncommon to see more attention and investment in the freshmen and sophomore classes. Some planful employers are even investing heavily in individuals who won’t even be eligible to be on their payroll for several years. Other companies have used creative ways to leverage times that students aren’t even in the classroom (case in point, Deloitte’s innovative Alternative Spring Break program).

I attended Prudential’s presentation on early talent management on Wednesday and was incredibly appreciative of their willingness to share the highs and lows of their college program. Even in the midst of their own leadership change, the small but mighty team showcased their commitment to growing their own through two creative programs. Many of us could relate to their frenzied experience of going from a centralized program to decentralized to centralized again. (Let’s not even try to imagine the incredible culture shift and re-education involved with so much change!) But push forward they did and they created two early talent ID programs:

  • ASAP (Actuarial Success Awareness Program) – a one week program, introducing math and actuarial students to an actuarial career
  • Peak Leadership Conference – provide underrepresented individuals (women, minorities, veterans) early exposure to Prudential’s business and career paths

It was also very compelling to learn how they were tracking and sharing data and metrics internally so that everyone knew what was going on at any time. Since it’s still a fairly new program, I’m curious to see what happens in the next year when they start seeing more movement into internships and full-time positions. No doubt, they’ll keep a close eye on how many of those positions are filled with those from their early talent ID programs.

Is early talent management something that’s on the forefront of your minds as well?

Career Services Competencies, Predictions for the Future, and Hugs

kevin grubbA post by NACE Guest Blogger, Kevin Grubb.
Assistant Director at Villanova University’s Career Center.
Twitter: @kevincgrubb
LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/kevingrubb
Blog: “social @ edu”.

 If I had to sum it up what happened today at the NACE conference for me in as little words as possible, there you’d have it.  Let me cut right to the chase and tell you some of what I have learned today in my sessions, mixed in with some commentary on my part.

Career Services Competencies

This morning, members of a NACE task force on career services competencies, Laura Melius and Sam Ratcliffe, debuted the association’s career services competencies.  What a cohesive, thorough document.  It describes, from basic to intermediate to advanced, the skill set needed to be successful in career services.  There’s no way I could possibly explain it all in a blog post, so let me tell you where to find it right now: on your mobile device, download the NACE conference app.  From the home screen, click on “More” in the bottom right corner.  Then, click on “Resources,” and then click on “Career Services Competencies.”  There you’ll have it!  NACE will also be releasing this on their website soon.

What I definitely can share with you is all of the ways our group thought the competencies would be helpful in our everyday practices.  Here’s just a little bit of what we brainstormed:

The competencies can help us…

  • With the performance management process and staff development, using the competencies as a benchmark to start from
  • Create and change job descriptions of positions within offices to match what is needed at a college or university
  • Demonstrate where staff or the office needs to get resources, to improve budgets for professional development and staffing
  • Show senior leadership at our institutions what we do and what we need to do
  • In the recruiting process for our offices: we can assess candidates’ competencies in interviews

And where do we see the competencies going from here?  Sam made it clear that this is a “living document” – one that we should consider for revision and review regularly.  As our jobs and the career services landscape continues to evolve, so should the competencies.  There will be a feedback form on the NACE website with the document for us all to add our voices.  In addition, NACE plans to build a continuum of learning & resources based on this competency guide.  There is talk of creating a certification program based on the competencies, though that will take time to properly develop.  After looking at the document myself, I am excited to see where this could lead us.  Take a look!

The Future of Career Services

One of my afternoon sessions was this one, led by Tom Devlin, Tom Halasz, and Marilyn Mackes.  I’ll start off by saying – this was packed!  Here’s a quick shot of the room which does not do it justice (I tried):

Tom, Tom & Marilyn put together a thought-provoking, conversation-starting, and funny presentation.  Smart & funny is a combination I think of like cookies & milk – they are good alone, and even better together.  Each of these three had that mix of both.

The presentation centered around three major points, and I’ll the cliff notes version here to help you get a flavor of it.  Would love to hear your thoughts on the future of career services, too, so please share in a comment!

The higher education landscape is dramatically changing.  Colleges & universities have limited resources and revenue.  The growth period for high school graduates is officially over, and will be in a decline for the next 10-20 years.  MOOCs, social media, and other technologies are shifting how work gets done and the expectations of students.  On top of that, there are several initiatives at the state and federal level that seek to define the outcomes or “ROI” of higher education.

Sounds pretty grim, yes?  I almost hid under my chair (…kidding).  In challenge, lies opportunity, and that’s there we, career services, come in.  Cue emphatic and uplifting trumpet sounds.

Now, we have the opportunity to define ourselves as campus-wide career services leaders, partnering with faculty who may need us more than ever.  For many, we may want to consider focusing on more than just the first-year experience, but consider the sophomore experience.  How are we providing support to students at a critical time in their academic lives – when many choosing or honing in on majors and some of the tough decisions?

Where could this all be going?  Tom Devlin provided some of his thoughts going forward, which included: online appointment scheduling with an interactive and customized response to the appointment scheduler’s needs.  So, when a student consider pre-med enters that in to their appointment notes for the counselor, a sort of “road map” for exploring pre-med options appears and suggests ideas for the student.  Tom suggests we may be focusing as much or more on internships as we are right now on post-graduate opportunities.  They are becoming the “first job” for everyone.  Perhaps we will develop better relationships with third-party providers who can help us perform some tasks we need to complete, but are not as high on our list of priorities.

What I thought was most interesting about this session was that Tom, Tom, and Marilyn opened up the floor to hear our thoughts and “predictions” for the future.  I’ll share mine and hope that it allows you to share yours on this blog in a comment.

One of my specialties is definitely social media.  Yes, I am a millennial, but no, I don’t spend all day on it – I promise.  Anyway, I teach a 1 credit class I created at Villanova on how students can use social media in their job searches.  What I am noticing from that, when I reflect on the bigger picture of a lot of their questions and concerns, is this.  We need to help students jump this psychological hurdle of looking at themselves as students to begin considering themselves as professionals.  With social media, the “personal” and “professional” world collide, and it happens for students faster and sooner than ever before.  Whereas one funny, perhaps not most impressing moment was private before, now it might be public and online for unknown others to view via social media.  If we can help students understand themselves, their skills, and their experiences as professional and valuable, they are much more likely to feel proud and confident talking about all of this online.  Then, they attract others with similar professional interests to them, and thus become better networked and viewed more favorably by those in seats of recruiting.

At the end of the first full day at the conference, the only other big reflection I have is that today there was so much hugging.  Hugs and warm greetings around every corner I turned, and I am actually not exaggerating.  So, if I can send you one non career services or recruiting related item from Orlando, it’s a hug from everyone at the NACE conference.

Notes on Motivating Students & Grads to Get on the Ball

Doug MillerA post by Guest Blogger, Doug Miller, faculty member and New Media Manager, DePaul University

Douglas Lee Miller – Chicago, IL | about.me On Twitter: @douglasLmiller

Motivating GenY is different from GenX – it is less about them and more about you.

GenY unemployment at 9% but what often gets overlooked is an even worse situation about UNDERemployment. Over half according to the Atlantic.

Many are delaying major life decisions as a result.

Retiring workers need to be replaced so there are some opportunities. There is a “grey ceiling” that exists for GenX since many boomers are delaying retirement due to recent economic downturns. When they do leave, GenX is not large enough to fill those spots so GenY will benefit – eventually. Luckily it seems employers are hungry for the fresh perspectives and creativity which is good for GenY but might be bad for GenX since there is baggage that comes along with bringing them on.

GenY students can benefit from this but often drop the ball when it comes to online presence and offline soft skills in interviewing and communication of transferable skills.

As a result the Career Advisory Board has been developed to meet the challenges facing career advisors.

47% of directors view lack of motivation as a major barrier for recent grads.

35% rank that lack of motivation as the number one barrier yet only 24% felt students lacked the skills needed to get careers. Why is this dissonance here?

Part of that is in the perceived mindset of GenY and in their girth. 4 million more than boomers (largest in US history.) It is believed that most GenYers believe they are better than the competition – obviously this can't be the case but their enculturation was such that they were all highly valued.

More insight can be found in an exploration of motivation (intrinsic vs. extrinsic.) A great resource about this is Dan Pink's book Drive.

Appeal to their personal passion and interest. Give over control to increase intrinsic motivation. Share the big picture.

Amazon.com: Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us (9781594484803): Daniel H. Pink: Books

Sometimes extrinsic is appropriate sometimes intrinsic. It depends on the person and the task. Luckily seeing people as individuals increases affinity among GenY in general so doing so increases intrinsic motivation.

Make the most of the first interaction – it will be key. Judgements will be made quickly.

They will remember more about how you made them feel than what you said. – Alexandra Levit

Start early, start often. Share expectations early – communicate what GenY is expected to do. Utilize peer influence – hold support group style events that pair older students with younger students (mentoring circles) to connect and share issues. Facilitate where you can. Motivate both students and peer mentors.

Model successful GenYers as success story marketing via in-person or virtual billboards for praise.

Bloggers thoughts: My concern with testimonials is that there may be unmeasurable negative consequences – that many students may have decreased motivation with the lifting up of outlier examples and great successes, due to lowered self esteem and a feeling of being left out or unfairly excluded. If GenY all feel like they are the best, should we be prepared to showcase all students to avoid making some feel excluded? Most in the room don't seem to share my concern.

Get top executives to call out those good examples.

They played a voicemail of an emotionally charged success thank you as a way to remind career service folks to feel empowered.

Present individual challenges to boost intrinsic motivation. Making challenges intriguing and game like can be highly effective but requires the creativity and involvement of the entire community. Motivation decreases quickly with failed expectations so make sure to manage expectations. Help them understand the mechanics of the process to keep them from being demotivated.

Faculty and parents can be key allies, just as can peers.

Final Blogger Thoughts: There was some discussion of the need to integrate digital tools. While I agree, I feel the need to warn that there is far more to leveraging social media than just Facebook – and in fact it may soon be the last place we want to be. Likewise, I worry that using digital tools could create negative impressions because we simply cannot match the user experience offered by modern digital tools.

Career Advisory Board | Devry University

Best Practices for Live Tweeting at #NACE13

Heather TranenA post by Guest Blogger, Heather Tranen
Associate Director, Global Communications & Strategic Outreach, NYU Wasserman Center for Career Development
Twitter: @htranen
LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/heathertranen

The days of high brow, intellectual conversation at conferences are over.

Well, maybe not over, but thanks to social media platforms like Twitter, things are getting a little more fun and dynamic. 


Live tweeting allows attendees to stay engaged by live tweeting their thoughts on speakers and content throughout different workshops. This both builds connections within those at the conference, and also includes the twitterverse as a whole in the conversation.

Although Emily Post did not provide us with insight into proper live tweetng etiquette, Twitter Media provides a good guide. I figured I would also give you my two cents on effective live tweeting. Whether you’re a first time tweeter, or a veteran, in anticipation of #NACE13, these are my…

Top 5 Live Tweeting Best Practices 

1. Save #NACE13 so you can see what’s happening  Hootsuite.com is my platform of choice for organizing social networks. I call it my control station because the site allows you to view multiple social networks and save streams. Save #NACE13 as a stream so you can view all of the fabulous insight your peers share throughout the conference.


 2. When it comes to Hashtags, It’s Quality Not Quantity  #Feel #like #you #see #hashtags #everywhere? The “pound sign,” as my mother calls it, is a great way to build community, see what’s trending, host contests and facilitate Twitter chats. If used strategically (and not excessively), a hashtag expands engagement amongst followers, and even increases your number of followers. For our purposes, we will discuss how to use hashtags while live Tweeting at the upcoming NACE conference. You’ll want to use the designated event hashtag, #NACE13 for any tweets relating to the conference. During the conference, you can use the #NACE13 when tweeting about the different workshops, networking opportunities, or delicious meals that occur over the course of the event. You can also think of using other relevant hashtags along with it. 

Not to tweet:

Why not tweet this? First, it looks like a 13-year-old girl wrote it. Second, only two of these hashtags serve any relevance to us as grownup professionals who can eat ice cream for dinner if they feel like it.
To Tweet:

This is a great tweet because it is short, includes two relevant hashtags, and speaks kindly of me. A+. 

3. Now that we’re friends, expand your network For introverts like me, cyberspace is a great place to start making connections (not in a creepy way). By viewing what others are saying within the #NACE13 stream, you can engage by retweeting (RT), or relpying. A few tips when engaging in a live tweet: 

If you modify someone’s tweet, make sure to change the RT to Modified Tweet (MT) to indicate you changed content within the tweet.

If you are mentioning someone and you want all of Twitter to know, make sure that you put their handle in the middle of the tweet. If it’s at the beginning only those who are following both of you will see the tweet.

A tweet heard around the Twitterverse:

 Just me, you, and our mutual followers:

4. Don’t be “that” person You know the type. It’s the same person who doesn’t realize you’re sleeping with your eyes open while they tell the story about their epic trip to Vegas 10 years ago for the seven thousandth time. Don’t be that guy or gal. Make sure you aren’t taking up the Twitterverse with all your tweets and there’s variety in the stream. Within your tweets, keep it interesting and throw in a picture, or even a Vine! No one likes to read anymore, just ask college students.

5. Take the conversation offline Introversion aside, we know that we live in an extroverted world. It’s important that we are not only extremely charming and engaging in the online space, but that we also talk to people in real life. I encourage you to join the Tweetup, sponsored by Macy’s, on Tuesday from 9-10pm where you will meet the tweeps you’ve been tweeting with in the real world (I know, terrifying).

Overall, live tweeting is just one of the many ways to enrich your experience and be an active participant at #NACE13! I look forward to seeing everyone in a few weeks!